Cultural site. Bacau rests on ancient settlements existing from 4500 BC, it is the core of the region (Bacau County) and hosts many of its monuments and archaeological sites. The County is situated in the Moldova Region and it boasts a great diversity of assets: cultural, historic, naturalistic and an important and rich cultural tradition. The cultural heritage includes: archaeological vestiges, churches, museums, memorial housing and architectural monuments, among which: the complex of Curtea Domneasca, Precista and Sf. Nicolae Churches, several memorial housings, Dendrological Park and Rosu Castle. The territory is characterised by the presence of many small villages where the local tradition is still preserved: Glavanesti, famous for its soft furnishing, Izvorul Berheciului known for its wood handicraft. Nevertheless a rich tradition of craft works characterises the entire Bacau County and most of its villages and cities host also important Romanian artistic events, giving evidence of the presence of high cultural intangible values.

Colonists played a significant role in the development of the town. Archaeological finds, some surface or semi-buried dwellings from the second half of the 15th century, suggest that Hungarians started to settle in the region after 1345–1347 when the territory was under the control of the king of Hungary.